Top ten tax planning points
With the end of the tax year fast approaching, here are the top ten tax planning ideas you could consider. All these are dependent on your own situation and resources, and your Larking Gowen advisor can discuss them in more detail and suggest any potential tax savings.
ISAs are tax efficient investments and as well as Cash and Stocks & Shares ISAs there are other types including: Junior ISAs, Help to Buy ISAs and Lifetime ISAs. The income and any capital gains generated within the ISA are tax free and no tax is due when funds are withdrawn.
The amount you can invest in an ISA differs depending on its type, but for Cash and Stocks & Shares ISAs this is £20,000 per year. Speak to your financial advisor about whether any available funds (up to the annual limit) can be invested to make the most of potential tax savings.
- Pension contribution and charitable gifts
Making a personal pension contribution or charitable gift will increase your basic rate band, meaning if you are a higher rate or additional rate taxpayer, the contribution will reduce the income taxed at the higher rates of tax. This is an effective way of saving for the future or giving to worthy causes, whilst giving a tax benefit.
Pension contributions are dependent on having net relevant earnings in the tax year and the amount of contribution is restricted for those with very high incomes or those who have already started to draw down on their pension. Advice should always be sought before contributions are made.
- Inheritance Tax (IHT) gifts
You can gift £3,000 per annum IHT free. If no gift was made in the 2020/21 tax year, then this can also be made before the end of the current tax year. This means that £6,000 can be gifted tax free.
There are other gifts which can be made free of inheritance tax i.e. gifts on a child’s marriage.
- Capital Gains Tax (CGT) allowance
Make use of the £12,300 CGT annual allowance because any gains below this amount are effectively free from CGT. You can also transfer shares to your spouse tax free, using their annual allowance, meaning that £24,600 of capital gains can be realised without paying any tax.
This could be used to increase the base cost of the overall portfolio by selling some shareholdings and repurchasing them after 30 days.
- Vote dividends in your personal company
All individuals in the UK have a £2,000 dividend allowance, which allows dividend income to be received tax free. If no other dividends have been received in the year, a dividend can be voted by your personal company to use this allowance.
In addition, from 6 April 2022, the dividend tax rate is rising to 8.75% for a basic rate taxpayer, 33.75% for a higher rate taxpayer and to 39.35% for an additional rate taxpayer. This means that any dividends voted before the end of the tax year could save the increase of 1.25% depending on other income in the year.
- Capital allowances
To save tax within a sole trader business or partnership, consider investing in any necessary plant or machinery before the end of the tax year. This could attract 100% capital allowances which will reduce taxable profits and lower the overall tax bill.
- Tax efficient investments
Investments such as Venture Capital Trusts (VCT), Enterprise Investment Schemes (EIS) and Seed Enterprise Investment Schemes (SEIS) are investments in small, unquoted trading companies. There are beneficial tax reliefs for these investments, including income tax relief in the year of investment. Also, any dividends received for VCTs are exempt from tax and EIS investments can benefit from capital gains tax deferral relief.
Seek advice from your financial advisor if you are interested in these investments.
- Trading and Property allowance
You can get up to £1,000 each tax year in tax-free allowance for property or trading income. If both types of income occur, you can receive a £1,000 allowance for each.
If the annual gross property or trading income is more than £1,000, the tax-free allowance can be used instead of deducting expenses or other allowances, if more beneficial.
- Marriage allowance
If income in the year is below the personal allowance, then you can transfer £1,260 of your personal allowance to your husband, wife, or civil partner as long as they are a basic rate taxpayer.
This can reduce their tax by up to £252 in the tax year.
- Avoid losing your personal allowance
The tax-free personal allowance for most people is currently £12,570. When taxable income is over £100,000 this allowance starts to be lost, as it’s reduced by £1 for every £2 of income over £100,000. This means that once income is over £125,140 the personal allowance is lost altogether.
There is an effective tax rate of 60% on any income over £100,000 but below £125,140, as not only is the tax rate 40%, but also the personal allowance is lost, meaning more income is subject to tax. If you’re in this position, it’s worth considering some of the other points in this blog to make sure this doesn’t happen e.g. by making a pension contribution.
If you’d like to discuss these ten points in more detail, please get in touch with your usual Larking Gowen contact. You can find contact details in the Our People section of our website. Alternatively, call 0330 024 0888 or email email@example.com.
Sign up to receive the latest news from Larking Gowen